Montaigne, Michel Eyquem de


Montaigne, Michel Eyquem de
(1533-1592)
   writer
   Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, who introduced the essay as a literary form, was born in the château of Montaigne near Libourne, to a wealthy family. Fluent in Latin at an early age, he went to study at the Collège de Guyenne in bordeaux. He served as a member of the Parlement of Bordeaux (1557), where he met étienne de la boétie. The death of the latter in 1563 did not, however, end the profound friendship and respect of Montaigne who, 15 years later, dedicated an entire chapter of his Essais to his friend. in 1562, Montaigne took an oath of loyalty to the Catholic faith, enabling him to sit in the Parlement of Paris. His literary career began in 1568 when he translated the Théologie naturelle of Raimundo sabunde. Resigning from the Parlement (1572), he began work on his Essais, the result of his extensive readings. The st. Bartholomew'sday massacre (1574) aroused his horror of all violence and his desire for the freedom of expression. After the publication of the first edition of the first two books of Essais in 1580 and their presentation to King henry III, Montaigne traveled in Italy and Germany. His visits (Journal de voyage) were interrupted in 1582, when he was elected mayor of Bordeaux. in 1585, the plague forced him to leave his château. He returned only in 1587 to prepare a fourth edition of his Essais. At this time he began his friendship with the writer Mme de gournay, which lasted until his death. The later years of his life were characterized by his devotion to King henry iv, who had stayed several times at his château (1584 and 1587). Celebrated by his contemporaries, the writings of Montaigne were much discussed during the 17th century, and later admirers include voltaire and dénis Diderot. As a thinker, he is noted for his study of institutions, customs, and opinions, and for his opposition to all forms of irrational dogmatism. He observed life with philosophical skepticism and emphasized the contradictions and inconsistencies inherent in human nature and behavior. His own morality tended toward Epicureanism, and as a scholar and humanist, he refused to be enslaved by passions and desires. As an educator, Montaigne held that the student should be taught the art of living through the development of conversation, observation, and through reading and travel.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MONTAIGNE, Michel Eyquem de — (1533 1592) Michel Eyquem de Montaigne is famous for his essays, a genre of writing he largely originated, and for the honest, frank observations found within these essays. Montaigne also served as the mayor of Bordeaux and was friends with Henri …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Montaigne,Michel Eyquem de — Mon·taigne (mŏn tānʹ, môn tĕnʹyə), Michel Eyquem de. 1533 1592. French essayist whose discursive, lively personal essays are considered the highest expression of 16th century French prose. * * * …   Universalium

  • Montaigne, Michel (Eyquem) de — born Feb. 28, 1533, Château de Montaigne, near Bordeaux, France died Sept. 23, 1592, Château de Montaigne French courtier and author. Born into the minor nobility, Montaigne received an excellent Classical education (speaking only Latin up to age …   Universalium

  • Montaigne, Michel Eyquem de — (1533–1592) French essayist. The father figure of scepticism in France and modern Europe, Montaigne was born near Bordeaux. He followed a sporadic career in public life before retiring in 1571, although he continued to play a role in politics on… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Montaigne, Michel (Eyquem) de — (28 feb. 1533, Castillo de Montaigne, cerca de Burdeos, Francia–23 sep. 1592, Castillo de Montaigne). Cortesano y autor francés. Nacido dentro de la nobleza menor, Montaigne recibió una excelente educación clásica (habló solamente latín hasta los …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Montaigne, Michel Eyquem de — ► (1533 92) Moralista y escritor francés. Aprendió latín como lengua viva antes que francés, hablándolo con su preceptor y con la servidumbre de la casa. Muerto su padre en 1568, y convertido en señor de Montaigne, se retiró a sus tierras. Su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Montaigne, Michel (Eyquem) de —  (1533–1592) French philosopher and essayist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Michel Eyquem Seigneur de Montaigne — Montaigne auf einem zeitgenössischen Gemälde Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (* 28. Februar 1533 auf Schloss Montaigne in der Dordogne; † 13. September 1592 ebenda) war Politiker, Philosoph und Begründer der Essayistik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Michel Eyquem de Montaigne — Montaigne auf einem zeitgenössischen Gemälde Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (* 28. Februar 1533 auf Schloss Montaigne in der Dordogne; † 13. September 1592 ebenda) war Politiker, Philosoph und Begründer der Essayistik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Michel Eyquem de Montaigne — Michel de Montaigne Montaigne Philosophe Occidental Renaissance Statue de Michel de Montaigne, Esplanade des Quinconces à …   Wikipédia en Français


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